► The meaning of authority (whether explicit, implicit or obvious) is that it links the company to the actions and actions of its agents. The law will consider the agent and the company as one and the same if the agent acts within the scope of his powers. ► An insurer may be held liable to an insured person for the unauthorized actions of its agent if the agency contract on the power of attorney granted is unclear. If you provide inaccurate information with the intention of deception, your insurance contract will become invalid. The consideration is the value that the contracting parties attach to each other – therefore, the contract is agreed. In insurance contracts, the insurer promises to pay for the covered losses that the insured suffers, and the insured promises to stick to the contract and pay the premium. Most non-insurance contracts are bilateral contracts in which the commitments made by each party are enforceable by the other party in legal proceedings. However, insurance contracts are unilateral contracts in which only the insurer makes a legally enforceable promise to pay for the losses covered. The company cannot sue the insured for breach of contract.
However, insurance contracts are also conditional contracts – if the insured does not pay the premium or does not comply with the contract, the insurer is not required to pay for the insured`s losses. Another element of a valid insurance contract is insurable interest. Insurable interest is part of the legal purpose. This means that the person who acquires the contract (the claimant) must suffer a loss in the event of the death, illness or disability of the insured. To have an “insurable interest” in another person`s life, a person must have a reasonable expectation of benefiting from the rest of the other person`s life. A policy taken out by a person who has no insurable interest in the insured is invalid and cannot be enforced. Therefore, there must be an insurable interest between the claimant and the insured. If the claimant is the same as the person to be insured, there is no doubt that there is an insurable interest. It is believed that individuals have an insurable interest in themselves.
In most cases, life insurers have only a limited period of time to discover false warranties, misrepresentations or obfuscations. At the end of this period (usually two years from the publication of the policy), the contract can no longer be declared invalid or revoked for these reasons. You may be thinking, “Why do I need insurance, I rent?” Well, while your landlord probably has an insurance policy for your building, you`ll need your staff. A personal contract can also be used in somewhat informal situations, for example. B of the sale of a vehicle between two good friends. Entering into a personal contract in such situations helps to create a written representation of the transaction. Instead of creating a sense of mistrust among friends, a written personal contract can help encourage the parties to act professionally and ethically in fulfilling their contractual obligations. Insurance contracts are random. This means that there is an element of chance and potential for an unequal exchange of value or consideration for both parties. A random contract is linked to the occurrence of an event.
As a result, the benefits of an insurance policy may or may not exceed the premiums paid. For example, a person who has disability insurance will receive benefits if they become disabled. However, if no disability goes on strike, no benefits will be paid. Insurance and gambling contracts are generally considered random contracts. B) Guarantees: The guarantees of insurance contracts are different from those of ordinary commercial contracts. They are imposed by the insurer to ensure that the risk remains the same throughout the policy and does not increase. For example, in auto insurance, if you lend your car to a friend who doesn`t have a license and that friend is involved in an accident, your insurer may consider this a breach of coverage because they weren`t informed of the change. As a result, your application may be denied.
Almost all of us have insurance. When your insurer gives you the insurance document, you usually take a look at the decorated words of the policy and stack it with the other stack of financial documents on your desk, right? If you spend thousands of dollars on insurance every year, don`t you think you should know everything about it? Your insurance advisor is always there to help you understand the tricky terms of insurance forms, but you also need to know for yourself what your contract says. .